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Rezultatele pentru spontaneous combustion

Rezultate gasite: 133

Eis diagnosis of some dental alloys in artificial saliva
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 4
AbstractElectrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements were used to characterize the electrochemical behaviour of the some commercial dental alloys: two PdAg based alloys (Paliag, PaliagMaestro), two NiCr based alloys (Wirolloy, VeraSoft), two CoCr based alloys (Vitallium, VeraPDI) and two CuAl based alloys (Gaudent, NPG+2) in artificial saliva. Impedance spectra were represented in the form of Bode plots and it was fitted using a commercial softwere package called Electrochemistry Po...
Autori: Daniel Mareci, Gina Ungureanu, Julia Claudia Mirza Rosca, Neculai Aelenei, Romeo Chelariu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25143

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
Include urmatoarele articole:� Cost sensitivity analysis by Monte Carlo simulation� Mathematical modeling of gas drying by adsorption� Methyl isobutyl ketone combustion over Pt/Al2O3 catalyst� Distribution of oxygen transfer rate in stirred bioreactors with simulated broths� Unsteady heat transfer inside an elliptic cylinder� Triphasic external-loop airlift reactors. Hydrodynamic and dispersion studies� Sustainable combined utilization of renewable forest resources and coal in Roma...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25209

Comparative corrosion study of non-precious Ni/Cr- based soft alloys in view of dental applications
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 1
AbstractBased on the polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in the case of three commercial alloys (Wirolloy, NicromalSoft and VeraSoft) maintained in artificial saliva, it was established the type and the intensity of the corrosion process by means of the corrosion currents value. The passivation of all the samples occurred spontaneously at the open circuit potential. The corrosion currents value decrease after the alloys maintenance in the corrosive medium due the...
Autori: Daniel Mareci, Gina Ungureanu, Julia Claudia Mirza Rosca, Neculai Aelenei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25235

Sustainable combined utilization of renewable forest resources and coal in Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractAs answer to European Community politics, in Romania the researches for waste reworking and ecological treatment are developing. The researches are focusing on wood wastes for its recovery in energy purposes. The purpose is the enlargement of superior coal utilization area obtained from Jiu Valley coal field, for increasing the efficiency of heating installations for domestic consumption, concordantly to European and Romanian pollutions regulations.Combined utilization of the fuel compos...
Autori: Camelia Bădulescu, Eugen Traistă, Gheorghe Lăzăroiu, Maria Orban, Valeriu Plesea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25267

Methyl isobutyl ketone combustion over Pt/Al2O3 catalyst
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractCatalytic combustion of methyl isobutyl ketone in diluted air streams over Pt/Al2O3 commercial catalyst was experimentally investigated. The experiments were carried out at space velocities between 180 000 - 600 000 cm3/ (gcat·h) and ketone concentrations in the range of 900 - 2600 ppmv. On the studied domain of working parameters, carbon monoxide was not detected, although some organic intermediates were formed (especially acetic acid). Their presence was detected in the product mixtur...
Autori: Anamaria Soare, Cristina Gheorghiu, Grigore Bozga, Magdalena Boşomoiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25271

Combustion of pitcoal-wood biomass brichettes in a boiler test facility
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractThe use of composite fuels using pitcoal and sawdust represents a high perspective. The paper deals with the experimental results focusing on the combustion efficiency of composite fuel briquettes and on the polluting emissions level. A special care is given to the determination of boiler efficiency and to the establishment of exploiting economic conditions, like the supply, cleaning etc. The research of the combustion of pitcoal-wood biomass briquettes is conducted on a 55 kW boiler.A n...
Autori: Gabriel Negreanu, Gheorghe Lăzăroiu, Ion Oprea, Ionel Pisa, Lucian Mihăescu, Radu Indries, Tudor Prisecaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25301

Valorification of herbs in phytotherapy - an alternative of chemical treatments in agriculture
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractIn agricultural culture there are numerous weeds diminishing the production which are controlled by several methods. The most common and efficient method with the modern agriculture is the chemical method of controlling weeds, using a large range of herbicides. A great part of these herbicides have long lasting remanence, even over three years. A great part of the active substances of the herbicides pollute the soil and subsequently the waters, sometimes with disastrous action for the en...
Autori: Brindusa Robu, Sabina Robu, Teodor Robu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25303

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 5
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
Include urmatoarele articole:� Biomass - A source of chemicals and energy for sustainable development � Equilibrium study of Pb(II) and Hg(II) sorption from aqueous solutions by moss peat� Wood-based epoxy resins and the ramie fiber reinforced composites� Studies on the interaction between birch veneer and compounds with biocide potential action� Effect of methanogenic inhibitors, inocula type, and temperature on biohydrogen production from food components� Energy from biomass in pul...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25313

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
� Bioremediation of contaminated air using a bioscrubber� Quality risk evaluation of the groundwater resources on the moldavian area� Electrochemical characterization of some dental materials in accelerated environmental testing� Preliminary study of simple and Fenton oxidation with hydrogen peroxide applied on final effluents from a zootechnical farm� The environmental impact assessment caused by the dykes failure� Revaluation of beer industry byproducts – medical implications� ...
Autori: http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25372

Adsorption of n-hexane vapors onto non-functionalised hypercrosslinked polymers (HYPERSOL-MACRONETTM) andactivated carbon: Thermodynamic and kinetic studies
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractThe adsorption characteristics of n-hexane vapors from gaseous stream onto two types of hypercrosslinked polymeric resins (MN 202 and MN 250), and a bituminous granular activated carbon (AC 20) was investigated. The n-hexane influent concentration ranged from 2100 to 4500 ppm and the adsorption processes were performed at 30, 40 and 50 ?C. Thermodynamic potentials ?H, ?S, and ?G and isosteric heats of adsorption were calculated from experiment performed at different temperatures (30-50?C...
Autori: Adela Marilena Buburuzan, Cezar Catrinescu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25393

Study on the multi-annnual variability of particulate matter PM10 in Suceava City
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Fine particulate matter and ground-level ozone are now generally recognized as the most significant in terms of health impacts. This study shows that concentrations of particulate matter up to 10 microns in diameter (PM10) in Suceava city exceeded EU limits set to protect human health during 2004-2007. In order to design effective PM10 air quality management programmes, it is essential to identify the sources affecting PM10 background levels. For this, PM10 data series were analyzed ...
Autori: Lacramioara Gina Ursul, , Doina Carmen Manciuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25409

Evolution of emissions of heavy metals in Vaslui County
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Elaboration of the inventory of the pollutants emissions in atmosphere constitutes the basis for elaboration of the strategies and reglementations, assessment of the trends in evolutions of emissions, modeling of the pollutants dispersions, analysis of new sources, establishment of emission taxes, compliance with legislation, as well as review of existing reglementation and standards regarding the air quality. The current paper describes both the evolution of the emissions of the he...
Autori: Mihaela Budianu, Mihai Nicu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25422

Research on the combustion of crude vegetable oils for energetic purposes
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract The paper highlights the combustion possibilities of crude vegetable oils as fuels for stationary application. This is an opportunity of a new utilization in Romania of tee vegetable oils, for electricity production and heating systems, instead of the current situation of using in transportation as biodiesel fuel. The research focuses on crude vegetable oils obtained from some indigenous cultures: rape, soy, sunflower. An overview of the agricultural potential of oleaginous plants is...
Autori: Ion Oprea, Ionel Pisa, , Tudor Prisecaru, Gheorghe Lazaroiu, Gabriel Negreanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25424

Case studies regarding the remediation of polluted soils from inactive industrial sites
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The methods generally used for developing these studies are the assessment and investigation. Assessment – all methods used for measuring, reckoning, modeling, forecasting or estimating the presence of a pollutant in the environment. Investigation - the process of identifying the presence of pollutants in the environment, the spatial dispersion of these pollutants, the level of their concentration, as well as the analysis of the environment’s structure. The steps that were follow...
Autori: , Gheorghe - Viorel Cosara, Calin Baciu, Ileana - Codruta Stezar, Augusta - Diana Crisan, Camelia Costan, Cristina Modoi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25451

Issues on costs and investment for environmental protection
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The concept of sustainable development has emerged in order to correlate the need to continue increasing the level of human and increasingly fragile â€?health?? level of environment. At the industrial level, things have moved more quickly. Thus, many companies use waste as fuel, and in some localities they are trying to implement systems for heating cottage on the combustion of waste. They are first to have acknowledged the eco-economical importance of recovery and reuse waste....
Autori: Dan Duran, Irina Duran, Adrian Diaconu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25488

Density of ecological wooden briquettes obtained from woody biomass
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The paper proposes itself to present some aspects about woody biomass as renewable source of energy and about one of the main product namely wooden briquettes. There will be put the accent on physical features of wooden briquettes namely its density but there has be not forgotten the ecological influences. It is also stated the conditions of experimental, type of machine that is used in laboratory experiments, type and feature of raw material and wooden briquettes. Finally some condi...
Autori: Aurel Lunguleasa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25491

Study of the viscosity of some biodiesel – diesel oil blends
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Biofuels represent a possibility for renewable resources conversion, storage and distribution. Today, diesel oil is commercialized only blended with biodiesel, and according to the 30/2003 Directive of the EU, 5.75% of the total fuels used in the transportation sector must be represented by biofuels by the end of 2010. Biodiesel can be produced from vegetable oils, animal fats and used oils. Viscosity is one of the most important characteristics of liquid fuels. The viscosity of liqu...
Autori: Irina Nita, Dan Mandalopol
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25499

Reducing of pollutants emissions and heavy liquid fuels consumption in boilers by using of additives
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract The paper presents the experimental results, obtained using a pilot installation and hot-water boilers for reducing the pollutants emissions in combustion of heavy liquid fuels by using of additives for catalyzing of burning processes. The experiments were made using additives based on iron and cerium carboxylates. Experimental results, which are presented both in variant of heavy liquid fuels burning with additives and without additives, highlight the reducing of pollutants emissio...
Autori: Aurel Gaba, Stefania Iordache, Mircea Vladescu, Dan Ungureanu, Petrica Vizureanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25509

Numeric simulation of air pollution due to naval engines
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract This paperwork tried to simulate the combustion inside the naval engines using the newest computer methods and technologies with the result of a diverse and rich palette of solutions, extremely useful for the study and prediction of complex phenomena of the fuel combustion. The paperwork is contributing to the theoretical systematization of the area of interest bringing into attention a thoroughly inventory of the thermodynamic description of the phenomena which take place in the co...
Autori: Nicolae Buzbuchi, Liviu Constantin Stan, Daniela-Elena Mitu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25514

Equilibrium and kinetic studies of copper (ii) removal on Purolite S930 resin
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract The presence of heavy metals in the environment is a major concern due to their non-biodegradability, bioaccumulation tendency, persistence in nature and toxicity to many life forms. Different treatment techniques for wastewater laden with copper have been developed in recent years to decrease the amount of wastewater produced and to improve the quality of the treated effluent. All techniques have their advantages and limitations in application. One of the most used techniques to rem...
Autori: Petru Bulai, Catalin Balan, Camelia Scripcariu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25531

Evaluation of corrosive effects in co-firing process of biomass and coal
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract The paper examines the effects of high temperature corrosion of the surfaces of heat exchange due to corrosive components formed in the co-combustion of biomass and coal. High temperature corrosion of the surfaces of heat exchange becomes a priority in the combustion of biomass with high chlorine and alkali metals, as alkali chlorides formed deposited on the surfaces of heat transfer, leading to serious consequences for them. Forms of manifestation of corrosion are numerous, the most...
Autori: Ionel Pisa, Corina Rădulescu, Lucian Mihăescu, Gheorghe Lăzăroiu, Gabriel Negreanu, Simona Zamfir, Danut Vairenu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25553

An investigation of the sorption of acid orange 7 from aqueous solution onto soil
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract The goal of the study was to investigate the sorption behavior of Acid Orange 7 (C.I. 15510) onto soil collected from Iasi area (Romania). The sorption isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic studies were performed by batch mode. The effects of experimental parameters such as contact time, pH value (2-12) and temperature (20 - 400C) have been studied. Also the influence of initial dye concentration (10 - 100 mg/L) and sorbent dosage (from 5 g L-1 to 150 g L-1) were studied. It was found ...
Autori: Camelia Smaranda, Dumitru Bulgariu, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25566

Researches on the negative effects assessment (slugging, clogging, ash deposits) developed at the biomass-coal co-firing
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract Using biomass in combustion, as a renewable source of energy, from ecological and economic considerations, sets special demands for control of the co-firing process. The paper aimed to study the problems like slugging, clogging and ash deposits formed on heat exchange surfaces during the co-firing process of agricultural biomass with coal. There are identifies the main factors that influence the formation of flying ash deposits and corrosion process. Most problems of co-firing proces...
Autori: Corina Rădulescu, Danut Vairenu, Elena Popa, Gheorghe Lazaroiu, Ionel Pisa, Lucian Mihăescu, Simona Zamfir, Tudor Prisecaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25600

Monitoring of several radioisotopes in soils and plants from uranium mining areas
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 2
Abstract A five-year survey of gross ?ŽÂ±+?ŽÂ?, 226Ra, and 137Cs in soils and selected spontaneous plants (Hypnum cupressiforme, Urtica dioica, Dryopsteris filix-mas, and Cirsium arvense) in the Crucea and Lesu Ursului mining areas is presented. The maximum activities in soils were fond to not exceed 0.257 Bq/g for gross ?ŽÂ±+?ŽÂ?, 0.35 Bq/g 226Ra, and 0.05 Bq/g 137Cs. All plant species shown similar capabilities for gross ?ŽÂ±+?ŽÂ? and 226Ra accumulation. The soil-to-plant transfer coeffi...
Autori: Alexandru Cecal, Catalin C. Nica, Dan T. Costin, Danut G. Cozma, Karin Popa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25604

Equilibrium and kinetic modeling of Zn (II) sorption from aqueous solutions by sphagnum moss peat
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Equilibrium and kinetics of sorption of Zn (II) ions from aqueous solutions of pH 5 on indigene (Romanian) peat moss were investigated in batch system. The experimental equilibrium sorption data at three temperatures were analysed by Freundlich, Langmuir, Tempkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich sorption isotherm models. Results indicate the following order in to fit the isotherm equations: Langmuir > Tempkin > Dubinin-Radushkevich > Freundlich. The equilibrium sorption capacity determine...
Autori: Angelica Kicsi, Doina Bilba, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25632

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 10
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 10
? AN ASSESSMENT OF OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS FOR THE REMOVAL OF CHLOROPHENOLS FROM WASTEWATER ? ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES: A PSYCHOLOGICAL-BEHAVIORAL MODEL FOR RESEARCHERS ? ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE: DYNAMICS OF THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES IN SOILS CULTIVATED WITH MAIZE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ORGANIC FERTILIZATION ? SOLAR-ASSISTED JOULE-BRAYTON ENGINES USED TO REDUCE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS ? STUDY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF HEATING SYSTEMS ? MIXED JET-VORTEX METHOD FOR ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25662

EFFECT OF THE INCYLINDER FORCED SWIRLS ON PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION OF DIESEL ENGINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
The combustion process plays the important role to improve performance and emission of diesel engine. To improve the rate of combustion process, the fuel-air mixing process should be accelerated. In this paper, based on the Double Swirl combustion chamber, from the macroscopic characteristics and simulation analysis, the effect of the incylinder forced swirls on performance and emission of diesel engine was studied. The results indicated that due to the incylinder forced swirls, the distribution...
Autori: Chang-Yuan Wang, Fu-Shui Liu, Xiang-Rong Lihttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25673

FORCED SWIRL COMBUSTION CHAMBER IN DIESEL ENGINE: NUMERICAL SIMULATION AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
Fuel injection system, intake system and the geometric shape of combustion chamber are the three key factors to the fuel-air mixture and combustion process for diesel engine. long with the need of high power density in diesel engine, the pressure of intake is higher increasingly. Together with the effect of high pressure fuel injection, the fuel-air mixture and combustion process is hard to spread as usual. In this circumstance, the performance of power, heat efficiency and emission in diesel en...
Autori: Shang Yong, Liu Fu-Shui, Li Xiang-Ronghttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25704

DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SUBSIDIES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY TECHNOLOGY VEHICLES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:The present paper is concerned with the determination of the appropriate subsidy level for environmental friendly technologyvehicles. For this purpose, the economic calculation of the corresponding environmental benefit is necessary, which is realizedthrough the calculation of the negative environmental externality that could be avoided, if the examined subsidies have beenestablished. For the calculation of the latter, the EcoSenseLE tool has been applied here, using life-cycle airborne...
Autori: Dimitrios A. Georgakellos
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25782

USE OF D2EHPA-IMPREGNATED XAD7 RESIN FOR THE REMOVAL OF Cd(II) AND Zn(II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:The adsorption performance of a novel support for metal ions sorption and their removal from aqueous solutions was examined.The support is a new solvent-impregnated resin (SIR) which can be considered as an alternative adsorbent material capable ofselective sorption. The adsorbent was prepared by impregnating di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) onto AmberliteXAD7 resin beads, by dry impregnation method. The interaction between XAD7 resin and D2EHPA was evaluated by FTIRspectrosco...
Autori: Adina Negrea, Adriana Popa, Cornelia Muntean, Corneliu Davidescu, Lavinia Lupa, Mihaela Ciopec, Petru Negrea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25793

EQUILIBRIUM AND KINETICS STUDY OF NITRATE REMOVAL FROM WATER BY PUROLITE A520-E RESIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
Equilibrium and kinetics of nitrate removal from aqueous solutions of pH = 6.8 were investigated using the strong base anion exchange resin (Purolite A-520E) in the batch method. The experimental equilibrium data were analyzed by means of the Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich sorption isotherm models. The Langmuir model describes sorption isotherm of nitrates with high correlation coefficients and better than Dubinin-Radushkevich and Freundlich models. The effect of temperature on th...
Autori: Anca Ceica, Igor Creţescu, Ion Balasanian, Laura Bulgariu, Liliana Lazăr
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25851

IN SITU STUDY OF THE ELECTRICAL/DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF ALUMINA SUPPORTED VANADIA USED AS COMBUSTION CATALYSTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
The synthesis of vanadium oxide systems (with 5 and 20 wt% V2O5 loadings) supported on commercial γ-alumina was carried out by a wet impregnation method. The samples were characterized by low-temperature nitrogen adsorption (BET), inductively coupled plasma (ICP) method and by in situ electrical conductance/capacitance measurements. The adsorption of CO was used to investigate the acidic properties of alumina support and V2O5/-Al2O3 catalysts by FTIR spectroscopy. The catalytic acti...
Autori: , Cristian Hornoiu, Mariana Scurtu, Monica Caldararu, Niculae I. Ionescu, Tatiana Yuzhakova, Veronica Bratan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25869

ADSORPTION OF HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE BY RAW AND SURFACTANT MODIFIED MEERSCHAUM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractThe adsorption of hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) by modified meerschaum was studied. The comparison of the meerschaummodified by anion and cation surfactant was conducted to explore their effect on HCH adsorption. The results showed that theabsorbability of HCH by the CTMAB-M (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide-modified) is better than that of SAS-M (sodiumdodecyl sulphonate-modified) because the CTMAB-M has fluffier fibers structure. The addition of amount of adsorbents shouldimprove the adsor...
Autori: Chanjuan Gao, Shengke Yang, Wenke Wang, Yaqian Zhao, Yue Zhao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25948

CO2 CAPTURE BY BIOMIMETIC ADSORPTION: ENZYME MEDIATED CO2 ABSORPTION FOR POST-COMBUSTION CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND STORAGE PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractThe huge emission of greenhouse gases from fossil-fuelled power plants is emphasizing the need for efficient Carbon Captureand Storage (CCS) technologies. The biomimetic CO2 absorption in aqueous solutions has been recently investigated as apromising innovative alternative for post-combustion CCS. The carbonic anhydrase (CA) - a broad group of ubiquitous enzymes– may catalyse the CO2 hydration reaction and then to promote CO2 absorption rate into aqueous solutions. Nevertheless theresear...
Autori: Antonio Marzocchella, Giuseppe Olivieri, Maria Elena Russo, Piero Salatino
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25976

ENERGY RECOVERY FROM SLUDGE WITH LOW ORGANIC LOADS RESULTED FROM WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe developing of the infrastructure for wastewater collection and treatment in Romania is leading more and more to theproduction of huge quantities of activated sludge, as direct result of the application of state of wastewater treatment. The rapidand rational development of a national policy for management of activated on short, medium and long term has emerged as anecessity, and must be implemented urgently.The EU 27 countries consider environmental management of activated sludge as a...
Autori: Ilie Vlaicu, Ioan Neamt, Ioana Ionel, Mihail Reinhold Wächter
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26019

KINETIC, EQUILIBRIUM AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES OF CESIUM REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS USING AMBERJET UP1400 AND AMBERLITE IR120 RESINS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe performance of two cation exchanger resins, Amberjet UP1400 and Amberlite IR120 in the process of Cs(I) ions removalfrom aqueous solutions was examined. Batch experiments were carried out to determine the influence of several parameters(resin dosage, contact time, temperature and initial concentration of Cs(I) ions) on the removal process. The equilibrium wasreached after 60 min for Amberlite IR120 and after 120 min for Amberjet UP1400, with an overall adsorption performance of~97% f...
Autori: Adina Negrea, Cornelia Muntean, Corneliu Mircea Davidescu, , Mihaela Ciopec, Petru Negrea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26032

KINETICS AND EQUILIBRIUM ADSORPTION STUDY OF LEAD (II) ONTO LOW COST CLAYS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractThe performance of four low cost Iraqi clays, bentonite (BT), kaolinite (KT), attapalgite (AT) and flint (FT) to remove lead ionsfrom aqueous solutions by adsorption was investigated. Batch experiments were carried out at pre determined equilibration time,adsorbent dosage, solution pH, particle sizes, ionic strength, initial lead ions concentration and temperature. Adsorption of Pb2+ions was strongly affected by pH and best adsorption is achieved at pH 4.5. The systems were investigated ...
Autori: Najwa I. Abdulla
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26086

REDUCED UPTAKE OF Cd AND Pb BY Miscanthus sinensis x giganteus CULTIVATED ON POLLUTED SOIL AND ITS USE AS BIOFUEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract The cultivation of Miscanthus sinensis x giganteus on a polluted soil near Copsa Mica – Romania has started in 2008. Since then every March and August the roots and stems have been analyzed, showing a very low amount of heavy metals in the aerial parts in February, when the harvesting takes place. The combustion properties of the material are similar to those of lignite, but without sulphur and with low ash amount. Because cultivation of edible plants poses the risk of hea...
Autori: Constantin Horia Barbu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26106

COMBINED OPTOELECTRONIC METHODS USED IN THE MONITORING OF SO2 EMISSIONS AND IMISSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract This study focuses on the local scale behavior of SO2 emissions resulting from lignite-combustion thermal power plants. The investigations aimed at monitoring the SO2 emissions and imissions over a two week period in September 2010. One of the largest power plants from Eastern Europe was chosen for monitoring using different optoelectronic techniques. Rovinari power plant (44o54’45”N – 23o09’44”E) is one of the largest electricity suppliers of Romania, having 4 groups of 3...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26113

FLY ASH FROM THERMAL POWER PLANT, RAW MATERIAL FOR GLASS-CERAMIC
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract Waste recycling represents a very significant issue for the protection of our environment. Large waste quantities (slag and ashes) are products of the coal extraction industry and its subsequent combustion in thermal power stations. The possibilities of obtaining crystallized glasses in the CaO-Al2O3-Fe2O3-SiO2 system by introducing in the raw materials mixture ashes from Mintia Deva thermal power station have been studied. The physical and chemical characterization of the...
Autori: Firuţa Goga
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26121

OPTIMIZATION OF A MIXED CYCLE GAS TURBINE TITAN 130S TYPE OPERATING UNDER PARTIAL LOADS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract The paper presents several aspects regarding the optimization of the operation for a mixed cycle gas turbine, Titan 130S type, installed at S.C. CET S.A. Bacau, during the warm season. The optimization entails the partial loads operation and has been done using the multicriterial analysis, taking into consideration the operation restrictions required for this type of gas turbine. The criteria that regard this analysis are: thermal energy requirements, the global efficiency...
Autori: Marius-Ion Stanila
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26145

LOW-COST TECHNOLOGIES FOR SAFE DRINKING WATER IN SOUTH-EAST ASIA: OVERVIEW AND APPLICATION TO THE NORTH OF VIETNAM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractIn spite of the ambition of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), water supply and sanitation are still worryingly deficientin South-East Asia (SEA). Due to the rapid increase in population, increased urbanization and industrial activities, and absence ofa strong regulatory framework, water quality in this region is impaired due to the high levels of contamination. Because of thechallenge of providing safe drinking water from poor quality water sources, development of low-cost drinkin...
Autori: Pham Thi Thuy
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26202

KINETICS AND EQUILIBRIUM OF COPPER AND CHROMIUM IONS REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS USING SAWDUST
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractThis work presents the removal of heavy metal ions (Cu2+ and Cr3+) from aqueous solutions with the use of pine (Pinus silvestris) sawdust. The experiments were conducted in a batch mode. Kinetic and equilibrium parameters of biosorption – which are best described by pseudo-second order and Langmuir models – were determined. The maximum sorption capacity at pH 5 and a temperature of 20°C for pine sawdust amounted to 21.47 mg/g for Cu2+ ions and 39.63 mg/g for Cr3+ ions, respectively.Therm...
Autori: Anna Witek-Krowiak
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26210

REMOVAL OF ACID BLACK DYE BY PUMICE STONE AS A LOW COST ADSORBENT: KINETIC, THERMODYNAMIC AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractThe removal of Acid Black 1 dye was investigated by acid treated pumice stone as a low cost adsorbent, since acidicmodifications were expected to improve the sorption capacity. The main components of the considered adsorbent were SiO2 andAl2O3 and acid treated pumice shows irregular structure. The effect of various parameters such as the initial dye concentration,the contact time, the temperature and the pH were studied. An increase of the contact time, the initial dye concentration or a...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26211

TECHNO-ECONOMICAL EVALUATION OF POST- AND PRE- COMBUSTION CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE METHODS APPLIED FOR AN IGCC POWER GENERATION PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractGlobal warming is happening due to increasing level of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. In orderto reduce this rising level of CO2 emitted by human activities, carbon capture and storage technologies are being developed.The present paper investigates and compares, from a techno-economical point of view, two of the most used conceptual methods(post- and pre- combustion) for CO2 capture generated from the fossil fuel power generation sector. For post-combustio...
Autori: Anamaria Padurean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26217

ON THE NOx EMISSION LEVELS OF AN ASYMMETRIC VORTEX FLAME COMBUSTOR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractThe vortex flame concept of combustion has been well known to produce low levels of NOx. This feature qualifies it to be usedin industrial processes and in power generation to comply with the environmental regulations concerning nitrogen oxideemissions. An asymmetric vortex flame combustor has been recently proposed by the authors. The present article reports thelevels of NOx emissions of such combustor for the first time. An experimental platform designed and developed to examine theNOx...
Autori: Khalid M. Saqr
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26245

URBAN ENERGY SAVING AND CARBON REDUCTION POTENTIAL OF NEW-TYPES OF BUILDING MATERIALS BY RECYCLING COAL MINING WASTES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe construction industry is one of the main sectors of energy consumption and carbon emissions in China. The new-types ofbuilding materials can be produced by recycling industrial solid wastes which is an effective solution to development of greenbuilding materials and abatement of environmental emissions. In this paper, new-types of bricks made of fly ash (residuesgenerated in coal combustion) and coal gangue (a kind of solid wastes generated in coal mining and coal production) and the...
Autori: Haitao Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26265

ADSORPTIVE REMOVAL OF HAZARDOUS METHYLENE BLUE BY FRUIT SHELL OF Cocos nucifera
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractIn this work, fruit shell of Cocos nucifera (FSCN) treated with H3PO4 has been tested as a low cost adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution in batch and column process. The adsorption of MB onto FSCN was affected by the initial solution pH, dye concentration, temperature, column internal diameter and adsorbent dose. The adsorption equilibrium data was fitted well to the Langmuir model and the maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 20.74 mg/g at 40şC. K...
Autori: Pijush Kanti Mondal, Rais Ahmad, Rajeev Kumar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26274

ADSORPTION OF METHYLENE BLUE DYE ONTO SURFACE MODIFIED CASHEW NUT SHELL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractIn the present study, batch adsorption experiments were performed for the removal of methylene blue (MB) dye from its aqueoussolution using newly prepared surface modified cashew nut shell (SMCNS) by varying the operating parameters like solution pH,adsorbent dose, initial dye concentration, contact time and temperature. The SMCNS has been prepared by treating the cashewnut shell with the sulphuric acid. Adsorption equilibrium data were analyzed by the model equations such as Langmuir,Fr...
Autori: Krishnan Gayathri Lashmi, Muthukumar Priyadharshini, Ponnusamy Senthil Kumar, Ramasundaram Vijayakumar Abhinaya, Subramanian Sivanesan, Vishwanathan Arthi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26309

EVALUATION OF THE ADSORPTION OF COPPER (II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY D151 RESIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractStudies about the adsorption behavior of Cu(II) on D151 resin were conducted. Parameters including the effects of pH,temperature, contact time and initial metal ion concentration were studied by batch methods. Results showed that the adsorptionwas strongly dependent on pH of the medium, and the maximum uptake was obtained at pH 6.90. In the batch system, the D151resin exhibited the highest Cu(II) uptake as 277.8 mg/g at 318K, calculated by the Langmuir model. The adsorption kinetics were...
Autori: Caiping Yao, Chunhua Xiong, Xinyi Chen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26333

REMOVAL OF PHOSPHORUS BY ION-EXCHANGE RESINS: EQUILIBRIUM, KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractThe removal of phosphorus by strongly basic anion exchanger was investigated. Removal efficiency increased with contact time,resin mass and initial solute concentration, while temperature showed a reverse effect. Equilibrium data were best fitted ontoLangmuir isotherm model (R2>0.99). Maximum sorption capacity of the resin was 66.22 mg/g, namely significantly higher thevalues reported in the literature. The Freundlich parameter (n = 4.3) and the Langmuir separation factor (RL = 0.067-...
Autori: Abdeltif Amrane, Hamid Reza Ghaffari, Mansur Zarrabi, Mohammad Mahdi Soori, Mohammad Noori Sepehr, Saied Borji
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26343

ANALYSIS OF EXPLOSIVITY PARAMETERS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY FOR COMBUSTIBLE DUSTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractIn industrial plants many types of combustible dusts are generated, processed, handled and stored. When ignited, they can burnrapidly and with a considerable explosion force, when mixed with air in proper proportions. This is the reason why adequateprecautions have to be adopted, to ensure all equipment is appropriately protected so that the ignition likelihood of the explosiveatmosphere is diminished.Explosion preventing and protection precautions aim to stop explosion occurrence, by el...
Autori: Adrian Jurca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26406

MONITORING EMISSIONS FROM LARGE COMBUSTION PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe most important aspect of the national environmental policy concerns air pollutant emission decrease. The studies led in orderto identify the atmospheric pollution sources have revealed that the energy sector is one of the biggest pollutants in the economy.Given the negative impact of the pollutant emissions on the environment and the possibility of closing the large combustionplants in case necessary measures to comply with the legal regulations in the field are not taken will signif...
Autori: Mirela Panainte
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26432

PERSPECTIVES FOR ENERGETIC VALORIZATION OF WASTEWATER SEWAGE SLUDGE: THE TURIN CASE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe right individuation of the more convenient solution for final treatment and destination of sewage sludge deriving fromwastewater plants, normally after anaerobic digestion process, is a very interesting problem, in accounting of urgent needs foracceptable solutions. The produced sludge, primarily after thermal drying, can be sent to energetic valorization processes as, forexample, incineration, gasification and also pyrolysis. In this work we examined the thermal solutions (both dire...
Autori: Deborah Panepinto
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26435

METHOD FOR INVENTORYING CO EMISSIONS FROM ROAD TRAFFIC IN URBAN AREAS THROUGH TRANSPORT MODELING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractCarbon monoxide (CO) is a gas obtained both from natural sources (bush fires, volcanic emissions and electric discharges) andby anthropogenic processes (incomplete combustion of fossil fuels). Together with particulate matter, nitrogen oxides andhydrocarbons, it is part of the air pollutants associated with the transport sector, which have a negative impact on human health,animals and vegetation. In this paper the authors propose a methodology for assessing CO emissions from road traffic...
Autori: Gabriela Mitran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26466

RECOVERY OF WASTE GAS BY COMBUSTION IN AN ORIGINALLY DESIGNED PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThis work presents an original method and an automated installation to recover by combustion the waste gas obtained in theignition process of xylites in rotary kiln. The flue gas resulting from the combustion of waste gas, with light fuel support areused in the technological processes of obtaining activated carbon, satisfying the conditions where the oxygen content does notexceed 0.3 % vol. and the temperature is above 1200°C, conditions imposed by the Project Manager of the European pro...
Autori: Aurel Gaba
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26461

MONITORING OF MERCURY FROM AIR AND URBAN DUST IN THE INDUSTRIAL AREA OF IASI MUNICIPALITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThe present work is dealing with the identification of the mercury sources and the quantification of the mercury level in air andurban dust in the industrial area of Iasi municipality. A correlation between some meteorological indicators, atmospheric mercurycontent and the urban dust from the investigated area was pointed out, based on the real time measurements as well as spatialdistribution of other heavy metals in urban dust.The measurements of mercury level in air were carried out at...
Autori: Oana Maria Tucaliuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26479

EFFECTIVENESS OF AIR TREATMENT USING A PLATE-TYPE BIOFILTER WITH A CAPILLARY SYSTEM FOR HUMIDIFICATION OF PACKING MATERIAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractIn this study a new generation of plate-type laboratory air treatment biofilter is applied for the removal of gaseous contaminantsfrom air. The packing material for the biofilter consists of porous plates arranged vertically one after the other to produce acapillary humidification effect. The porous plate is made of polymer to secure the stiffness of the plate. Birch fibre granulesthermally treated in a steam explosion reactor are fixed on both sides of the polymer board. The granules ar...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26480

COMPARISON BETWEEN A RETROFITTED AND A NEWLY-DESIGNED OXYCOMBUSTION BOILER INTENDED TO BE USED IN CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractGreenhouse gases emissions represent a first-degree concern in power generation from fossil fuels combustion. Over the past twoand a half centuries, since the dawn of the industrial era, huge amounts of carbon dioxide have been released into the atmospherefrom combustion processes, most of it coming from fossil fuel-fired power plants. The effects of CO2 accumulation in theatmospheric environment become more and more apparent due to the increasingly strong greenhouse effect leading to gl...
Autori: Bogdan Horbaniuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26505

IMPACT OF HYDRAULIC SCHEMES ON OLT RIVER AND ON ITS FLOODPLAIN ENVIRONMENT IN CIUC DEPRESSION, HARGHITA COUNTY, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractThis paper presents the effects of regularization and embankment of the Olt River and drainage of its floodplain on thegroundwater table from meadows and on the erosion base levels of tributaries within Ciuc Depression. The hydraulic worksreduced the wetlands and had important impact on the aquatic flora and fauna of the river and its floodplain. Measurements andobservations (before 1985 and after implementation of hydraulic works in 2008) undertaken upon the river, upon the drainagesyst...
Autori: Iosif Bartha
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26519

REMOVAL OF CADMIUM (II) FROM AQUEOUS MEDIA USING COOH/TUD-1 MESOPOROUS SOLID. KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe adsorption potential of 10 wt.% COOH/TUD-1 material for removing Cd2+ from aqueous solutions was investigated via thebatch technique, and the effects of pH, temperature and contact time were studied. Experimental data showed that the maximumCd2+ adsorption, 90%, occurred at pH 6. The adsorption equilibrium was reached within 35 min for 10 wt.% COOH/TUD-1. Theadsorption mechanism was investigated in terms of its thermodynamics and kinetics. The adsorption data were fitted using theLan...
Autori: Nabila Bensacia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26558

EQUILIBRIUM, KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES OF CATIONIC RED X-GRL ADSORPTION ON GRAPHENE OXIDE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractGraphene oxide (GO) was prepared from expandable graphite by a modified Hummers’ method and characterized by TEM,XRD, FTIR, and Raman spectroscopy. The batch adsorption experiments were carried out to study the effect of variousparameters, such as the initial concentration, adsorbent dosage, initial pH, contact time and temperature on adsorption propertiesof cationic red X-GRL onto GO. The Langmuir and Freundlich models were used to fit the experimental data of adsorptionisotherms. The k...
Autori: Jiankun Sun
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26570

POTENTIAL USE OF Crambe abyssinica PRESS CAKE AS AN ADSORBENT: BATCH AND CONTINUOUS STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract This study evaluates the potential of Crambe abyssinica press cake, a residue from crambe oil extraction and/or biodiesel production, as an adsorbent for removal of cationic dyes from wastewaters. Batch adsorption tests were performed at 30, 40 and 50oC. Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium were satisfactorily described by the pseudo second-order and Freundlich models, respectively. Adsorption was spontaneous and exothermic. Fixed bed adsorption (breakthrough curve) was satisfactoril...
Autori: Adriana S. Franca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26597

A SIMULATION STUDY ON THE DIESEL ENGINE COMBUSTION PROCESS BASED ON THE FIELD-EFFECT ANALYSIS METHOD OF COMBINED COMBUSTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract Based on the spray mixing field-effect analysis method, this paper has taken into consideration the variation in the distribution of oxygen concentration in the combustion process and has put forward the combined combustion field-effect analysis method. The method is applied to the matching study of a certain kind of diesel engine’s combustion chamber with air admission and fuel injection parameters and can also be used to complete the simulation analysis and evaluation of mix...
Autori: Xiang-Rong Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26634

INFLUENCE OF HYDROXYPROPYL-BETA-CYCLODEXTRIN ON THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF A FLAVONE WITH IMPORTANT PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin on diosmin, substance from the flavones category with important pharmacological properties. We carried out solubility studies, calculating the solubility constant of the complex formed between diosmin and hydroxypropyl-cyclodextrin at various temperatures (20, 25 and 37 0C) and in the presence of increasing cyclodextrin concentrations. AL type curves were obtained which suggest the format...
Autori: Constantin Ciobanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26643

LAYERED DOUBLE HYDROXIDES AS ADSORBENTS FOR ANIONIC DYE REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract Reactive Blue 19 (RB 19) dye removal from aqueous solutions by using layered double hydroxides containing nitrate as the intergallery anion (MgAlLDH) as adsorbents was investigated. The adsorption process was found to be influenced by the contact time, the initial dye concentration, the presence of inorganic anions and the temperature. The XRD and FTIR analysis evidence two competitive processes: adsorption and/or intercalation of the molecules may take place, depending on the initi...
Autori: Maria Celina Alexandrica
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26651

EQUILIBRIUM PERFORMANCES OF CRYSTAL-RIGHTTM CR100 ZEOLITE USED IN WATER SOFTENING PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract The present work investigates the performance of Cristal-RightTM CR100 zeolite based on the equilibrium and thermodynamics water softening process. The commercial zeolite was characterized by scanning electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and FT-IR spectroscopy. The equilibrium performances of zeolite were evaluated by the sorption capacity of calcium cations from calcium chloride solutions varying the calcium concentrations corresponding to moderate...
Autori: Liliana Lazăr
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26670

EFFECT OF HYDROGEN ADDITION ON EXHAUST EMISSIONS AND PERFORMANCE OF A SPARK IGNITION ENGINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract The use of hydrogen in spark ignition engines as a supplementary fuel can enhance combustion and reduce toxic emissions. Difficulties in hydrogen storage and production limit its use in internal combustion engines. This paper investigates the performance of a spark ignition engine with the addition of a mixture of hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2) into the intake manifold. Hydrogen is produced by an alkaline electrolyser and consumed simultaneously to eliminate the need for a storage de...
Autori: Yasin Karagöz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26685

CO2 CAPTURE AND ITS INFLUENCE ON ENERGY AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF A COAL FIRED POWER PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract Currently, conventional energy sources i.e. fossil fuels represent the main segment as regards electricity generation. Thus, their contribution to global CO2 emissions is considerable. This study considers carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a promising solution for the environmental problems we are now facing. Based on previous research, post-combustion capture (PCC) has been recognized as being the more appropriate technology for CO2 capturing from the existing power plants. The m...
Autori: Ales Hribernik
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26714

SYNTHETIC TEXTILE DYE REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING MODIFIED LOCAL CLAY ADSORBENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract Locally sourced clay from Kuala-Kangsar town in Perak state Malaysia was used in both its raw (RKKC) and modified (MKKC) form as adsorbents for the removal of methylene blue (MB) from synthetic textile wastewater in batch adsorption process. The raw clay was modified through H2SO4 acid treatment, Al(OH)3 ion exchange, calcinations and then molded into beads before freeze drying. The BET surface areas of RKKC and MKKC were 11 and 100 m2/g, respectively; their elemental analysis and ...
Autori: Manase Auta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26717

REMOVAL OF 2,4 DICHLOROPHENOL FROM WASTEWATER ON COST-EFFECTIVE SORBENTS: KINETICS AND THERMODYNAMICS INVESTIGATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Maximum removal (94±1.2%) of 2, 4 dichlorophenol (50 mg.dm-3) was achieved on silica with agitation of 4 hours, at pH 8 and 42°C. The positive enthalpy (ΔH) and negative free energy values (ΔG315K) suggested the endothermic and a spontaneous nature of sorption. The free energy of the process at all temperature was negative and increased with the increase in temperature. The values of free energy suggested a spontaneous process where the spontaneity decreased w...
Autori: Abdul Ghaffar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26718

DETERMINATION OF EQUILIBRIUM, KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC PARAMETERS OF ACID RED 88 ADSORPTION ONTO MONTMORILLONITIC CLAY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate adsorption kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamic parameters of anionic textile dye (Acid Red 88) onto montmorillonitic clay from aqueous solutions. The parameters of pH, initial dye concentrations, temperature, and the adsorbent dosage were investigated experimentally. Four kinetic models including pseudo-second order, pseudo-nth order, Bangham’s equation and double exponential equation (DEE) were selected to follow the adsorption process. ...
Autori: Sedef Dikmen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26731

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON THE HEAT OF COMBUSTION FOR SOLID PLASTIC WASTE MIXTURES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract The aim of this paper is to determine the heat of combustion of plastic wastes resulted from municipal solid waste, automotive shredder facility waste and building and construction waste. The plastic wastes have been separated by flotation technique using as flotation media: water, ethanol, their mixtures and magnetic fluid. Resulted fractions have been analyzed aiming to determine the most effective fraction from the heat of combustion point of view. The obtained results have been ...
Autori: Liviu Costiuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26750

ANALYZING THE PROPERTIES AS FERTILIZER OF ASH FROM OAK WOOD COMBUSTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract Ash resulting from wood combustion constitutes a waste disposal problem to facility owners. The use of ash fertilizer or soil amendment could provide nutrients for agriculture if its nutrient content is adequate and it does not contain harmful amounts of heavy metals. The recycling of nutrients bound in ash would provide an inexpensive solution to waste problem. In our study, we aimed to characterize ash and clinker resulted from incineration of oak waste resulted from wood industry...
Autori: Ioan Oroian
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26885

OCCURRENCE AND SOURCES OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS (PAHs) IN DRAINAGE CHANNEL SEDIMENTS IN VOJVODINA (SERBIA)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
A drainage channel network in Vojvodina, Serbia, made for collection and transition of (sub)surface waters from waterlogged arable land areas, is exposed to diffuse and/or point contamination sources. Over time, the channel network has accumulated sediment material containing potentially harmful organic substances such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this study, the concentration of 16 environmentally relevant PAH substances from 42 sampling points in drainage channel sediments...
Autori: Radovan Savić
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26950

DETERMINATION OF AIR CHANGE RATES BY USING INDOOR CO AS TRACER: APPLICABILITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
Air change rates and ventilation of a room was determined by CO Tracer Decay Technique. The tracer was generated by burning bulk amount of mosquito coils, an easy and low cost method of CO generation. The temporal decay in CO concentration in indoor air under closed and open room conditions were determined by collecting indoor air periodically at a few minutes interval in Tedler Bags and analyzing the same for CO. The air changes rate per hour (ACH) was calculated from the temporal decline of...
Autori: Deepanjan Majumdar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26965

ADSORPTION OF PHENOL WITH THE GRAFTED POLYMER OF P(MMA-MAH)- PEGME IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
The grafted polymer of P(MMA-MAh)- PEGME synthesized was used as adsorbent to remove phenol in aqueous solution. Through the adsorption research of phenol, it was found the removal percentage (%) of phenol was promising when pH was less than 6. With the adsorbent dose increasing, the removal percentage increased, meanwhile the adsorption amount qe (mg·g-1) correspondingly decreased. It was taken 35h for the phenol adsorption with the grafted polymer to reach the equilibrium. The study...
Autori: Yun Huang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26966

INFLUENCE OF CLIMATIC FACTORS ON THE POLLUTION WITH NITROGEN OXIDES (NOX) IN BACAU CITY, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
Air pollution has a significant impact on human health and natural ecosystems. The principal gaseous pollutants compounds result from different types of combustion processes. In this category there are included carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), dust and hydrocarbons. Nitrogen oxides are a group of highly reactive gases, which contain nitrogen and oxygen in varying amounts. Most of the nitrogen oxides are colorless and odorless gas. This paper highlights the c...
Autori: Doina Capşa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26988

WOOD WASTE AS A RENEWABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The renewable sources of energy represent a viable alternative for satisfying the energetic needs of humanity in case the fossil fuels reserves are exhausted, which is estimated to occur in maximum 25 years if the current rate of exploitation is maintained. Nowadays, there are several concerns about the valorization of the energetic potential of these resources (wind, water flows, solar, geothermal energy etc.), but also a series of extremely beneficial practical uses (i.e. wind parks, photov...
Autori: Daniela Suteu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26989

REMOVAL AND RECOVERY OF Al(III) AND Cr(VI) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY WASTE BLACK TEA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
In this study the immobilized waste black tea (Camellia synensis) was used as biosorbent for the removal and recovery of Al(III) and Cr(VI) ions from the synthetic aqueous solutions. Batch experiments were conducted to optimize the various biosorption parameters that affect the biosorption capacity of immobilized waste black tea. Maximum biosorption capacity was found with a biosorbent dose of 0.1g/100 mL for both metal ions. Optimum biosorption capacity for both Al(III) and Cr(VI) ions was o...
Autori: Haq Nawaz Bhatti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27004

A STUDY ON RECOVERY OF SILICA AND ALUMINA FROM FLY ASH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
Fly ash is the major residue produced during the combustion of coal. Research has been carried out to recover silica and alumina from fly ashes collected from different thermal power plants in India. Silica and alumina from the fly ash were recovered and the recovered products were subjected to X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy analyses to estimate the silica and alumina content. Total recovered silica content in the samples was...
Autori: Ruth Sherly Endluri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27007

MITIGATION OF GASEOUS EMISSION FROM BURNER SYSTEM UTILIZING ENVO DIESEL FUEL VIA AIR STAGING METHOD
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
Emission from the combustion processes can cause adverse effect to the environment. The formation of pollutants such as oxides of nitrogen (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxides of sulphur (SOx) are hazardous and harmful to the ecosystem. Due to these pollutants and also depletion of fossil fuel, several steps should be taken in order to mitigate this problem. Biofuel is known as the potential replacement for fossil fuel. Envo Diesel is one form of biofuel that can be us...
Autori: Mohammad Nazri Mohd Ja’afar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27011

CHANGING ATTITUDES TOWARDS THE ENVIRONMENT BY USING CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) CAMPAIGNS IN THE OIL INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 6
Corporate Social Responsibility activities bring organizations closer to the community they operate in, up to the level of making them a citizen of that community. Currently, companies invest in CSR all around the world, the phenomena being of great importance in any businesses activity. Most of the Romanian studies on the subject are performed at management level, targeting the perspective it has on the concept, the investment value they put into social activities and the general developing ...
Autori: Ionel Bostan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27066

OPTIMIZATION OF THE BIOSORPTION OF Cr3+, Cd2+ AND Pb2+ USING A NEW BIOWASTE: Zea mays SEED CHAFF
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
This study highlights the potential use of yellow Zea mays seed chaff (YZMSC) biomass as a biosorbent for the removal of Cr3+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ ions from aqueous solutions. Fourier transformed Infrared analysis of the biomass suggests that YZMSC biomass is basically composed of cellulose and methyl cellulose. The biosorption capacities, qmax, of YZMSC biomass for Cr3+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ are 14.68, 121.95 and 384.62 mg/g respectively. Biosorption equilibrium was achieved at 20, 30 and 60 min for Cr3+...
Autori: Jonathan Oyebamiji Babalola
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27083

EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF DOUBLE SWIRL COMBUSTION SYSTEM FOR A DIESEL ENGINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
Experimental research focus on the emission characteristics of a diesel engine employed a new combustion system-double swirl combustion system (DSCS) is carried out. The influence of spray angle on diesel emission characteristics with DSCS is analyzed by experimental and numerical method. Main emissions such as particulate matters (PM) and nitrogen oxidants (NOx) are measured in diesel engine with DSCS and the original engine. Also, fuel consumption, combustion pressure, heat release rate are...
Autori: Liwang Su
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27087

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM BIOGAS IN PALESTINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
In Palestine, the energy situation is unique compared to other Middle Eastern Countries, as there are technical and political challenges for transporting, storing, importing and exporting energy. Actually, energy import from Israel meets the major share of Palestinian energy needs. Palestinian reliance on Israel concerning its energy supply is an issue due to the political situation. Furthermore, from an environmental point of view, Israel predominantly relies on fossil fuels for its own elec...
Autori: Jacopo Bacenetti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27120

EFFECTIVE MERCURY REMOVAL USING A NEW DEVELOPED POLYMER CONTAINING 2-(2′ THIAZOLYLAZO) P-CRESOL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
A new material containing 2-(2′ thiazolylazo) p-cresol (TAC) grafted poly acrylamide (PAA) was prepared and its adsorption ability was studied for the removal of inorganic mercury from aqueous media. Adsorption of Mercury (II) ions from aqueous solution was investigated in detail as a function of mercury concentration, pH, ionic strength, and temperature. The adsorption data were analyzed by using the Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich (DR) models. The adsorption of Mercury (...
Autori: Selçuk Şimşek
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27170

BIOSORPTION OF LEAD(II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS USING ADSORBENTS PREPARED FROM PEANUT HULLS, SOYBEAN SHELLS AND GRAPEFRUIT PEELS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
Equilibrium and kinetics of biosorption of lead(II) from aqueous solutions by local low-cost agricultural by-products – peanut hulls, soybean shells and grapefruit peels were compared to develop high-efficient and low-cost biosorbents for removal of lead(II) from wastewater. Batch kinetics showed adsorption equilibrium at about 90 min and the adsorption process for the three biosorbents was better represented by the pseudo-second-order model than the pseudo-first-order model. Batch equilib...
Autori: Rui Yu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27176

TECHNICAL POTENTIAL FOR USING BIOMASS AS A FUEL IN COGENERATION PLANTS IN SERBIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
The need for ensuring safety of energy supply, as well as the tendency to reduce greenhouse gas emissions has led to greater use of energy efficient technologies and renewable energy sources. Cogeneration (combined production of heat and electricity) is one of high-efficiency technologies, because the losses of primary energy are less than losses from the separate generation of heat and power. Consequently, in 27 EU member-states 70% of the district heating is based on cogeneration plants. Us...
Autori: Vladimir Vukašinović
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27177

USE OF CHITOSAN-IRON(III) FOR THE ADSORPTION OF THE DYE ACID RED 29: ISOTHERM, KINETIC, REUSE AND FACTORIAL DESIGN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
In this study, chitosan-iron(III) was used as adsorbent of the dye acid red 29. The effect of pH, temperature and concentration of the dye on the adsorption capacity were evaluated. The maximum adsorption capacity was calculated from the adsorption isotherms which were well fitted by Sips isotherm model. The process followed the kinetic model of pseudo-second-order. The activation parameters showed that the adsorption process is spontaneous and favorable. A decrease in adsorption capacity was ob...
Autori: Carla Albertina Demarchi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27181

SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION AND CATALYTIC BEHAVIOR OF Mg-Zn FERRITES SUPPORTED ON ALUMINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
Catalysts based on nanocrystalline Mg-Zn ferrites supported on commercial alumina were prepared by in situ sol-gel auto-combustion technique. The as-obtained materials were characterized using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) specific surface area measurement. These materials were tested as catalysts for hydrogen peroxide decomposition and phenol oxidation reactions. The catalytic activity of ...
Autori: Tamara Slatineanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27192

APPLICATION OF FLY ASH AS AMENDMENT IN AGRICULTURAL FIELD OF Avena sativa
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
Intensive cereal crops planted on soils from the Western part of Romania determine, annually, significant losses of essential microelements and macronutrients for plant development from the agricultural soil, which lead to the depletion of such lands. Fly ash (FA) resulted from coal combustion at the CET Timisoara power plant, can be used as supplement to an organic fertilizer, such as manure (M) to restore the balance of micro- and macronutrients, important to obtain healthy cereal crops and hi...
Autori: Smaranda Masu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27208

LEAD(II) REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY SERBIAN ZEOLITIC TUFF
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 1
The present study was aimed at examining the ability of the natural zeolitic tuff from the Zlatokop deposit in Serbia to remove Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions under various conditions. It has been found that the adsorption proceeds via an ion-exchange reaction in which the Na+ ions from the clinoptilolite phase of the tuff are replaced to a high degree by aqueous Pb(II) ions. The removal capacity of the clinoptilolite at 298 K varies from 78 mg Pb g–1 (for C0 = 100 mg Pb dm–3) to...
Autori: Djordje Stojakovic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27234

EVALUATION OF AIR POLLUTION SOURCES IN SELECTED ZONE OF TEXTILE INDUSTRIES IN PAKISTAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
The present work reports the gaseous emissions of the following industries, Interloop Textile (IP Tex), Crescent Textile (CT Tex), Kalash Textile (KH Tex), Noor Fatima Textile (NF Tex), Bashir Textile (BP Tex) and Hina Sana Texile (HS Tex), which are located in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Industries were tested for the mixture of gases containing carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulphur oxides (SOx), carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2) emitting from these industries. The maximum amounts...
Autori: Muhammad Zubair
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27256

MODELING EQUILIBRIUM DATA FOR Cd (II) ADSORPTION BY PEAT USING NON-LINEAR REGRESSION ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 3
The Romanian peat was used as low-cost adsorbent to remove Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions. The cadmium adsorption capacity of the peat was studied as a function of the solution pH (3-5.5) and temperature (293 – 333 K). Adsorption capacity was found to increase with the pH increasing and temperature decreasing and attained a maximum value of 27.9 mg/g at pH = 5±0.1 (acetate buffer) and 293 K. In addition, various thermodynamic parameters such as free energy change (ΔG0), en...
Autori: Catalin Balan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27276

CHARACTERISTICS OF WASTE BARK COMBUSTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 3
The paper presents some aspects regarding the use of certain bark biomass as sustainable and renewable fuel. The main bark uses are listed exhaustively, emphasizing the fact that they are parts of the forestry biomass. The main problems arising from the ecological burning of bark are highlighted, namely the amount of ash and the resulting gases, especially carbon dioxide, but the emphasis is placed on the amount of heat and ash that bark produces during combustion. Accordingly, the high and low ...
Autori: Aurel Lunguleasa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27288

HEAVY METALS AND GAMMA RADIOACTIVITY BIOACCUMULATIONIN Artemisia absinthium L. GROWN ON A WASTE DUMP
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 4
In the current context of industrialization, chemical and radioactive pollution is a concern for environmental protection and interference with human health. Care for environmental protection also includes vegetation that grows spontaneously in potentially contaminated places, thus avoiding illness among the population if consumed. The study area is located at 4.5km SSE from downtown Bacău City, Romania and is the result of the manufacture of H3PO4 through the wet method. In this study, t...
Autori: Mioara Săndulache Rachieru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27331

PREVENTION OF ACCIDENTAL POLLUTION WITH COMBUSTION GASES AFTER THE OCCURRENCE OF EXPLOSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 6
This paper aims to study the behavior of air-gas explosion systems, in terms of propagation speed of pressure wave and flame front, based on experimental measurements in a shock tube, in order to prevent accidental pollution with the combustion gases. The characteristic parameters of the explosion process determined using the shock tube, the velocity of propagation of the flame front, the speed of propagation of the wave of pressure, explosion pressure at various distances from the source of in...
Autori: Emilian Ghicioi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27355

SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION RISK ANALYSIS IN SUBSURFACE ENVIRONMENTS: CARBON MONOXIDE DATA PROCESSING TOOL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 6
Early detection of spontaneous combustion processes through dedicated tools aimed at processing significant measurement data, can provide major improvement of safety levels in underground working environments. As an index of self-heating event occurrence, the increase in carbon monoxide content in hard coal collieries atmosphere became significant since the early stages of this severe phenomenon. To highlight the changes in carbon monoxide average levels, this paper synthesizes the results of re...
Autori: Roland Iosif Moraru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27359

MICROELEMENTS INFLUENCE ON COAL OXIDATION AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IMPLICATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 6
The spontaneous combustion of coal or self-oxidation is a phenomenon encountered both in underground mines and coal deposits on the surface, which results from heating the carbonaceous materials by slow oxidation that may occur only through the passage of air (created by air depression). Coal oxidation process generates oxidation products which are also an environmental problem. If we consider the CO2 or CO, their composition depends on the coal properties and other factors from the process. Th...
Autori: Maria Prodan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27363

MONITORING THE WORK ENVIRONMENT USING THERMAL IMAGING CAMERAS IN ORDER TO PREVENT THE SELF-IGNITION OF COAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 6
The occurrence of spontaneous combustion phenomena in coal mines is generated by the reaction of mineral substance with atmospheric oxygen and favoured by the oxidation (self-ignition tendency) of coal, an oxidant environment and by the conditions in which heat exchange with the environment takes place. Preventing / Fighting against this phenomenon is regulated in the specific OHS requirements and in the General mining plan, comprising the technical and organisational measures for prevention an...
Autori: Cristian Tomescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27369

SYNTHESIS OF ALGINATE AMIDE COMPOSITE USING MICROWAVE AND ITS DYE REMOVAL ABILITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 9
In this work, magnetic alginate was synthesized by encapsulating of Nickel Zinc Ferrite nanoparticle within Ca-alginate. The synthesized magnetic alginate was modified by ethylenediamine using microwave radiation to remove anionic dye from wastewater. The characteristics of magnetic nanoparticle, magnetic alginate and magnetic alginate amide (MAA) were studied using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and Scanning electron microscope (SEM). FTIR analysis confirmed the amidation of alginate. Di...
Autori: Niyaz Mohammad Mahmoodi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27424

PERFORMANCE OF MODIFIED BENTONITES FOR ADSORPTION OF PHENOL: MECHANISMS, KINETICS AND ISOTHERMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
Three modified bentonites, hydroxy-aluminum pillared bentonite (Al(OH)-Bent), cetyl trimethylammonium bromide modified bentonite (CTAB-Bent), and both cetyl trimethylammonium bromide and hydroxy-aluminum modified bentonite (Al(OH)-CTAB-Bent) were prepared and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. Batch experiments were conducted on the adsorption of phenol at different temperatures, pH and initial concentration. The results indicated that adsorption capacity o...
Autori: Xiping Luo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27481

ADSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF Cr(VI) ON CARBONIZED Eupatorium adenophorum SPRENG
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
The potential use of a novel low-cost adsorbent, Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng, as a solution to remove Cr(VI) ions from aqueous was reported. Effects of various regulating parameters, such as pH value of reaction, adsorbent dosage and temperature, were investigated. To fit the adsorption equilibrium data, Langmuir isotherm and Freundlich isotherm were invoked. Additionally, thermodynamic parameters of the adsorption process, such as ΔG, ΔS and ΔH, were also calculated. The res...
Autori: Chen Jin-fa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27535

THERMODYNAMICS, KINETICS AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES OF URANIUM SORPTION BY Gracilaria corticata RED ALGA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 5
In this research, the capability of uranium biosorption by dried biomass of the red algae was investigated in a batch system. For the screening of the most appropriate biosorbent, they were placed in 0.5 mmol/L uranium solution with different pH for 3hrs of contact times. The obtained results showed that the species of the Gracilaria corticata (J. Agardh) are having the maximum rate of the biosorption. Sorption equilibrium was reached within 3hrs of contact time (at pH 4.5), and the results of t...
Autori: Reza Dabbagh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27596

REMOVAL OF AQUEOUS Cu(II) WITH NATURAL KAOLIN: KINETICS AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
Copper pollution is common across the world and has caused serious public health problems recently. Among the conventional methods, adsorption has proved effective, economic, versatile and simple for the removal of aqueous Cu(II) contaminants. Deposits of natural Kaolin are abundant around the world, and are regarded as valueless due to its limited usage in industry. In this study, the adsorption behavior of natural Kaolin towards Cu(II) was evaluated. According to the results, the isothermal ad...
Autori: Qiang Tang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27651

TOXIC COMPOUNDS GENERATED BY METALWORKING FLUIDS AND ALUMINUM SLAG LANDFILL AND THEIR EFFECTS ON ENVIRONMENT AND PEOPLE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 3
This paper presents an assessment of the toxic compounds released from metalworking fluids (MWFs) used in aluminum solid waste processing and from aluminum slag landfills, and their impact on environmental quality and human health. The mean concentrations of dust, oil mist, aldehydes, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) released from metalworking fluids were determined in machine shops. The exposure in machine shops was quantitatively dominated by VOCs, whose concentrations varied in the range...
Autori: http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27677

ADSORPTION BEHAVIOR OF GADOLINIUM(III) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY D418 RESIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
Adsorption, desorption, and kinetics behavior of Gd(III) ion on chelating resin were investigated in this paper. Batch adsorption studies were carried out with different pH, contact time, and temperature. The adsorption of Gd(III) follows the Langmuir model better than the Freundlich model. The apparent activation energy Ea and adsorption rate constant are k308 4.16 kJ/mol and 6.01×10-5 s-1, respectively. Thermodynamic parameters such as ΔH, ΔS and ΔG indicated that Gd(II...
Autori: Leilei Pi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27688

COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ANALYSIS ON PROBLEMATIC SOILS STABILIZED WITH FLY ASH IN JORDAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
The paper analyses the compressive strength of problematic soils as marlstone, limestone, and brown clay in Jordan, considering the capacity to use the fly ash residue obtained from the combustion of oil shale as a cement-like material for building works contributing in minimizing the environmental impact of the expected huge output of solid waste resulting from the retort residue of the oil shale rocks. After blending soils collected from Jordan with both fly ash at different percentages (10...
Autori: Monther Abdelhadi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27765

HIGHLY EFFICIENT REMOVAL OF CADMIUM FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING POLYMER-STABILIZED ZERO-VALENT IRON NANOPARTICLES: EQUILIBRIUM, KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
Bare zero-valent iron nanoparticles (bare-ZVIN) have a great tendency to aggregate, which drops their reactivity with pollutants. To address this issue, polyvinylpyrrolidone stabilized-ZVIN (PVP-ZVIN) was synthesized and used for the removal of Cd2+ from aqueous solution in a batch system. The effects of operation conditions such as the pH of aqueous solution (2-8), reaction time (0-120), adsorbent concentration (1-6 g L-1) and the initial Cd2+ concentration (10-60 mg L-1) on the removal efficie...
Autori: Amirhosein Ramazanpour Esfahani
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27764

ACID EXTRACT OF ALOE VERA AS INHIBITOR FOR THE CORROSION OF MILD STEEL IN ACIDIC MEDIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 12
The corrosion inhibition of mild steel in acidic media at 303 – 333K in 0.1 - 0.5M acids (hydrochloric acid - HCl and trioxonitrate (v) acid - HNO3) and 0.01-0.03g/L Aloe Vera extract (AVE) were investigated by standard weight loss method. The corrosion rate was calculated in the absence and presence of the inhibitors. The inhibition efficiencies of AVE in both acid media increased with increase in concentration and decreased with increase in temperature and period of immersion. Results sh...
Autori: Maureen Ndibe
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27870

BENCH SCALE TWO STAGE HEAVY METAL LEACHING TEST WITH FLY ASH FROM WOODY BIOMASS COMBUSTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 1
In this paper a two stage bench scale leaching procedure is used to assess the heavy metals release from a wood-based fly ash of a 5.0 MWth grate-fired boiler. In the first step mostly K was leached with water. In the subsequent acid leaching step heavy metals were leached at a pH of 3. The remaining solids were agglomerated together with the bottom ash and the dried K-concentrate from the first leaching step whereas the filtrate was treated before discharge. In the agglomerates produced the ...
Autori: Christof Lanzerstorfer
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27875

INFLUENCE OF DESULPHURIZATION IN THE CARBON DIOXIDE ABSORPTION PROCESS USING MONOETHANOLAMINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 1
The aim of this paper is to determine the influence of desulphurization on process efficiency and monoethanolamine (MEA) absorption capacity. The experiment was conducted on a circulating fluidized bed combustion (CFBC) which uses indigenous coal from Jiu Valley. We determined the absorption capacity of MEA considering three values of concentrations in the solution: 20%, 30% and 40%. It was noticed that the higher the concentration of MEA is in the solution, the greater is the influence in th...
Autori: Cristian Dincă
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27879

ADSORPTION OF AN ANIONIC DYE ONTO NATIVE AND CHEMICALLY MODIFIED AGRICULTURAL WASTE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 1
The native and surface modified adsorbents from agricultural waste, such as Psyllium stalks (PS) were investigated for their ability to remove the Coomassie Brilliant Blue (CBB) dye from aqueous media. The native and surface modified adsorbents were characterized by the Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The results show that the Sodium Bicarbonate Treated Carbon (SBTC) has good surface properties for the removal of the CBB dye from aqueous media. The SBTC was analyzed by Scanni...
Autori: Premkumar Manickam Periyaraman
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27898

LANDFILL GAS TO ENERGY CONVERSION FROM ORADEA MUNICIPAL WASTE LANDFILL IN ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 2
This paper presents the results of theoretical estimations of the quantity of landfill gas (LFG), as well as the energy potential of Cell A from the municipal landfill in Oradea city, Romania, based on a mathematical model. Considering three scenarios for LFG recovery according to the capture system efficiency, the following LFG theoretical flows have been obtained: 157 m3LFG/h for 45% recovery efficiency; 209 m3LFG/h for 60% recovery efficiency; and 297 for 85% recovery efficiency, respectiv...
Autori: Gerardo Collaguazo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27903

REMOVAL OF Zn(II) IONS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY SORPTION USING CELLULOSE FUNCTIONALIZED WITH REACTIVE DYES AS SORBENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 2
The influence of initial metal ion concentration and temperature on the adsorption of Zn(II) from aqueous solution onto amino ethyl cellulose (AEC) functionalized with Orange 16 reactive dye, was examined. Batch experiments were performed at pH of 4.0 and adsorbent dose of 8.0 g/L previously established as optimum, ranging the initial Zn(II) concentration between 22.74-181.92 mg/L and temperature between 2 and 60 C. Three isotherm models (Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin – Radus...
Autori: Gabriela Nacu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27904

PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAINING PROGRAM FOR INTERVENTION AND RESCUE PERSONNEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 4
The manner in which individuals deal with stressful situations depends on several variables. Personality characteristics, event circumstances, preparedness of individual, personal appraisal of events, pre-existing organizational and personal stressors are all key factors. Psychological resistance to stress can be the result of spontaneous evolution, or can be developed through special training, through programs that increase the threshold beyond which functional alterations may occur, resulti...
Autori: Izabella Kovacs
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27958

ANALYSIS OF PROTECTION SYSTEMS FOR REDUCING THE EFFECTS OF SHOCK WAVES PRODUCED BY EXPLOSIONS IN ENCLOSED SPACES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 4
Explosion-type accidents can cause significant human losses and material damages; therefore, special attention has to be granted to explosion risk assessments and to the development of appropriate explosion-protection measures. Such measures of protection aim to reduce the explosion risk to acceptable levels, in compliance with regulations and standards in force, so as to provide the proper safety level for humans as well as to prevent damage to the surrounding goods and environment. The flas...
Autori: Marin Silviu Nan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27961

ANALYSIS OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR AND EVACUATION IN BUILDING FIRES USING COMPUTER EVACUATION MODELS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 4
Human behavior in critical situations is at the core of all concerns about the fire safety of buildings, regardless of their destination. The way in which the human caught in the fire reacts to the risk factor to which he is exposed, his behavioral response to the direct action of the fire, or his psychological response to the effect of the fire (temperature, smoke opacity, reduced visibility, exposure to toxic combustion gases), are all factors that can drastically influence the required saf...
Autori: Marius Cornel Şuvar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27965

DETERMINATION OF COAL MICROELEMENTS BY INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 4
In the mineral matter of coal there are microelements chemically bounded to organic matter or mineral impurities in various combinations that catalyzes the evolution / involution of a spontaneous combustion phenomenon as an accelerator in the oxidation reaction or which slows down these processes. Specialised literature analyzes the phenomenon of coal self-heating based on several theories of which we exemplify the theory of coal oxidation, the theory of pyrite and the theory of the microele...
Autori: Cristian Tomescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27966

COLOR REMOVAL FROM PULP MILL EFFLUENT USING COAL ASH PRODUCED FROM GEORGIA COAL COMBUSTION PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 5
In this study, Coal Fly Ash (CFA), a byproduct of coal combustion power plants, was used as an adsorbent to remove color from locally-obtained pulp mill effluent (PME). Batch adsorption studies were conducted to determine the adsorption parameters that would result in the maximum color removal from PME at the lowest CFA dosage and process cost. The effects of operating variables on color removal were studied by varying: 1) CFA dosage, 2) initial PME pH, and 3) contact time. The findings indic...
Autori: Christopher Willett
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27986

CARBON FOOTPRINTS ASSOCIATED WITH ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM BIOMASS SYNGAS AND DIESEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 7
The limited availability of fossil fuels, as well as the already proven effects of global warming, highlight the need for alternative, environmentally-friendly energy generation. Consideration of primary energy inputs from new and renewable energy resources and technologies represent a major scientific challenge, and a major innovation if realized. This will open up new opportunities for benefit and realized value, in the form of lower costs of energy supply, through the utilization of indige...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28027

THE EFFECT OF MONTMORILLONITE CLAY AND FIRE RETARDANTS ON THE HEAT OF COMBUSTION OF RECYCLED ACRYLONITRILE-BUTADIENE STYRENE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 11
The combustion behavior of several polymers was studied with a cone calorimeter, while the samples were based on a recycled acrylonitrile-butadiene styrene (ABS) and as additives were considered: organic montmorillonite (OMT) and a mixture of two fire retardants (FR). The samples structure and thermal properties are characterized by means of Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray Powder Diffraction(XRD) and Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and cone calorimeter. The main objective o...
Autori: Tudor Mihai Simionescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28098

STUDY OF BATCH ADSORPTION OF URANIUM IONS BY MCM-48 MATERIALS SYNTHESIZED AT ROOM TEMPERATURE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 1
The mesoporous MCM-48 was synthesized at room temperature with different templates such as hexadecytrimethylammonium bromide (C16TABr), hexadecytrimethylammonium chloride (C16TACl) and dodecyltrimethlammonium chloride (C12TACl). The obtained materials were characterized by XRD, N2 adsorption/desorption, FTIR and SEM techniques, and their performance as uranium adsorbent were investigated. In this framework, the effect of contact time, pH of solution, initial uranium concentration and temperat...
Autori: Meriem Chabane Sari
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28131

MODELING OF A RECTANGULAR CHANNEL MONOLITH REACTOR FOR SORPTION-ENHANCED WATER-GAS SHIFT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 2
As CO2 concentration levels in the atmosphere are steadily reaching a point of no return, it is paramount that actions are taken towards mitigating emissions by improving the efficiency of existing processes. Sorption-enhanced water-gas shift (SEWGS) combines the water-gas shift reaction with in-situ adsorption of CO2 on potassium-promoted hydrotalcite (K-HTC). This enables a direct conversion of syngas into separate hot streams of H2 at feed pressure and CO2 at regeneration pressure, making th...
Autori: Vlad-Cristian Sandu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28149

OLEFINS AND FUELS FROM FRYING PALM OIL THROUGH PYROLYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 2
The pyrolysis of frying palm oil was studied in continuous stationary process, in a micropilot plant. The main factors affecting the products yields are temperature and residence time. For the studied parameters range (temperature: 475oC - 630oC and residence time: 120 s- 240 s), the gas yield varied between 7.9% (w/w) and 63.3% (w/w), related to feed. Unsaturated hydrocarbon yields (olefins) can reach 24-29% (w/w) related to feed, at the right processing parameters, the main products having goo...
Autori: Ana Maria Sivriu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28162

OUTLIER ROBUST IDENTIFICATION OF THE THERMAL POWER PLANT: COMBUSTION CONTROL AND VIBRATORY TRANSPORT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 3
The goal of this paper is to contribute to environmental improvement. This goal has been achieved by the development of an algorithm that allows the optimization of fuel consumption and transport of combustion products. The paper considers the outlier – robust recursive algorithm. This algorithm is used for identification of multivariable ARMAX (Autoregressive Moving Average with Exogenous Variables) models. In this paper, we introduce pseudo-Huber loss function which is a continuous nonli...
Autori: Vojislav Filipovic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28167

ZINC HYDROXIDE NANOPARTICLES-MODIFIED CLAY FOR ULTRASOUND-ASSISTED REMOVAL OF METHYLENE BLUE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 3
The objective of the present work was to introduce a novel adsorbent with high adsorption potential toward methylene blue by decorating montmorillonite clay (MMT clay) with Zn(OH)2–nanoparticles (Zn(OH)2–NPs). The adsorbent was characterized structurally by FE-SEM and FTIR techniques. Central composite design–response surface methodology was applied to optimize experimental variables including adsorbent dosage, pH, initial MB concentration, NaCl concentration, and sonication ti...
Autori: Adel Valipour
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28173

ANALYSIS OF COMBUSTION AND NOX FORMATION IN A SPARK IGNITION (SI) ENGINE FUELED WITH HYDROGENHYDROGEN OXYGEN (HHO) ENRICHED BIOGAS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 5
A numerical simulation was conducted to investigate the combustion characteristics and effects of Hydrogen-Hydrogen Oxygen (HHO) addition on performance and NOx emission of a spark ignition (SI) biogas engine. At a given operating condition, indicative work cycle Wi increases with increase of HHO, CH4 concentrations and load rate; but it decreases with engine speed increase and reaches peak value as variation of equivalence ratio and advanced ignition timing. Combustion temperature T and NOx con...
Autori: Bui Van Ga
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28204

SYNERGISTIC EFFECT OF FUEL AGENTS AND MASS RATIO FOR MORPHO-STRUCTURAL OPTIMIZATION OF MAGNETIC CLAYBASED NANOCOMPOSITES WITH HIGH ADSORPTION CAPACITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 5
The study is focused on creating magnetic mesoporous materials through the insertion of a nickel ferrite into the structure of kaolintype clay. Sol-gel auto-combustion method was employed to synthesize the materials, using glycine and tartaric acid as chelating/combustion agents. This is the first study on the combined effect of different fuel agents and of clay-to-ferrite molar ratio on the structural, textural, magnetic and adsorptive properties of nanocomposites. The value of the average por...
Autori: Stefana Cojocaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28210

FAST REMOVAL OF MALACHITE GREEN FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS USING HIGHLY HYDROPHOBIC WATER‒DISPERSIBLE MAGNETIC NANOCOMPOSITE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 7
Release of dyes without performing adequate treatment into the water can lead to environmental risk and serious health problems. The development of effective and economic adsorbent materials for the removal of dyes from industrial wastewaters has gained great consideration in recent years. In the present study, a novel bio-based nanocomposite has been developed for ultrasoundassisted adsorption of malachite green (MG) from aqueous solutions. The synthesized adsorbent consisting of both hydropho...
Autori: Mohsen Nekoeinia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28232

DEVELOPMENT OF A SELECTION SYSTEM BASED ON HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGING FOR PLASTIC WASTE WITH BROMINATED FLAME RETARDANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 10
Brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are used in different types of products such as plastic, textiles and electronic circuits with the aim to increase fire resistance and to avoid or to delay the propagation of accidental combustion. However, high concentrations of bromine in waste from electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) hinder the possibility of their use as secondary raw materials. Furthermore, the possibility that BFRs can be released during mechanical recycling processes, imposes the...
Autori: Giuseppe Bonifazi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28296

SUSTAINABLE BIOMETHANE: METHANE SLIP REMOVAL APPLYING REGENERATIVE CATALYTIC OXIDATION (RCO) POST COMBUSTION TECHNOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 10
Biomethane is incentivized in Italy and in many other European countries as a substitute fuel for transport, in order to reduce fossil fuel and cut CO2 emissions. In Italy, Certificato di Immissione in Consumo (CIC) is actually sustaining biomethane production, charging petrochemical companies who need to cover their obligation quotes. Actually, biomethane production has to fulfil sustainability requirements in order to be entitled to get CIC. Sustainability principles are, among others, the typ...
Autori: Ivana Moscato
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28305

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