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Rezultatele pentru subsurface

Rezultate gasite: 17

An experimental three-stage hybrid constructed wetland system for removal of organics and nutrients from domestic wastewater
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractAn experimental three-stage subsurface flow constructed wetland system was investigated for the removal of nutrient and organic matter from primary-treated domestic wastewater. Built in the Turkey Scientific and Technical Research Council-Marmara Research Center, Gebze, Turkey (Istanbul), the system consisted of a vertical flow-gravel filtration in the first stage, a horizontalsubsurface flow bed vegetated with Iris in the second stage, and a vertical-subsurface flow bed vegetated Phragm...
Autori: Bilal Tuncsiper
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25358

Numerical simulation of pollution with anion SO4 2- for the aquifer inside a metallurgical waste hall
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract The current paper describes the concept and the mathematical models axed upon flow transport and transport of pollutants in the aquifer inside a metallurgical waste hall. Then, using a complex of basic data related to a representative case study - several information being achieved by systematic measurements, for long period, throughout ten drillings - and the pack of FEFLOW 5.1 programmes, the dispersion of an uppermost pollutant (the anion SO4) has been numerically simulated, for t...
Autori: Elena Doinita Carlig, Esmeralda Chiorescu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25416

STUDY ON WATER QUALITY AND BIODIVERSITY OF SURFACE MICROLAYER IN FRESH WATERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractTo explore the water quality and biodiversity of surface microlayer (SML) in fresh waters, we investigated the water status ofSML and subsurface water (SSW) of three fresh waters in China during April to August of 2010, by chemical and biologicalmonitoring methods. The results showed that the indexes such as total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), chemical oxygendemand (COD) exceeded the national III or IV level of surface water quality, and the contents of indexes of SML were muchhi...
Autori: Jiang Yu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26158

MODELING IMPACT OF LAND USE CHANGE TRAJECTORIES ON GROUNDWATER QUALITY USING REMOTE SENSING AND GIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractWorld will face a major fresh water crisis in the coming decades due to high contaminants in surface and subsurface water.Groundwater is ultimate and most suitable fresh water resource for human consumption in both urban as well as rural areas. Thegroundwater quality reflects the information about the natural and anthropogenic source of pollution. This study aims todetermine the water quality status of the area and to deduce its relation to seasonal variations in land use/land cover (LUL...
Autori: Prashant K. Srivastava
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26233

EFFECTS OF CANNED FOOD INDUSTRY SLUDGE AMENDMENT ON ENZYME ACTIVITIES IN SOIL WITH EARTHWORMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractWastewater sludges are organic and nutrient-rich materials that could be used to improve soil tilth. However, the land applicationof sludge needs to be properly managed to avoid the detrimental effects on micro and macroorganisms in the soil. Earthwormsare one of the most important soil macroorganisms. Addition of sludge to the soil environment may impact earthworm activity,and in turn, soil productivity and health. In this study, sludge from the canned food industry was added to soil mi...
Autori: Efsun Dindar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26238

LONG-TERM TREATMENT EFFICIENCY OF A HORIZONTAL SUBSURFACE FLOW CONSTRUCTED WETLAND AT JIMLÍKOV, CZECH REPUBLIC
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe present study is aimed at a long-term treatment performance of a constructed wetland with horizontal subsurface flow atJimlíkov, Czech Republic. The system was put in operation in 1993 and the treatment performance is evaluated for the period1998-2009 due to non-existence of results from the beginning of operation. The parameters of concern were BOD5 (biochemicaloxygen demand), COD (chemical oxygen demand), TSS (total suspended solids), NH4-N (ammonia-N) and TP (totalphosphorus). A t...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26258

ENERGY PRODUCTION FROM WASTEWATER USING HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL SUBSURFACE FLOW CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe aim of the present work is to study the performance of a constructed wetland for domestic wastewater depuration alsoworking as a microbial fuel cell (MFC) under two different subsurface flow modes in the upper cathodic compartment (horizontalflow, HF, or vertical flow, VF), and to compare the efficiency under both situations. A pilot-scale subsurface constructed wetlandtreating domestic wastewater was used, and the installation also included the electrodes and devices needed to work ...
Autori: José Villaseńor Camacho
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26574

EFFECTS OF PLANT DIVERSITY ON PLANT BIOMASS AND EFFLUENT NITROGEN REMOVAL IN A CONSTRUCTED WETLAND
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract The short-term effects of plant diversity (number of plant species and species compositions) on aboveground biomass, substrate inorganic nitrogen (N) concentrations, and substrate solution “effluent” N concentrations were studied in a subsurface verticalflow constructed wetland (CW). Results showed that (1) the number of plant species increased aboveground biomass (P< 0.05) but had no effect on the overyielding index DMax; (2) the species compositions and presence of ...
Autori: Hai Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26822

EVALUATION OF SOURCE AND TRANSPORT OF PATHOGENIC MICROBES IN GROUNDWATER USING MICROBIOLOGICAL AND ISOTOPIC TECHNIQUES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract Isotopic composition and electrical conductivity (EC) of groundwater were analyzed to trace the source and transport of pathogenic microbes in shallow and deep groundwater wells over a depth range from 9 m to 75 m below land surface (bls). Stable isotopic composition was used for the identification of the source of water while environmental tritium contents were used to estimate the time elapsed since the recharge of the groundwater. The results revealed that drain water contaminate...
Autori: Anju Pant
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26851

WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN A CONSTRUCTED WETLAND FOLLOWED BY AN OXIDATION POND IN A RURAL AREA OF CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
The aim of this study was to examine the pollutant removal performance of a combined process using horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland (HFCW) and an oxidation pond (OP) in the treatment of a decentralized domestic wastewater. Waters along the water flow and at different depths of the wetland substrate were sampled and analyzed during continuous operation. It was found that the HFCW-OP combined system presented good organic matter and phosphorus removal capacity. In the first year, ...
Autori: Wendong Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26943

UPDATING THE BASIC TOPOGRAPHIC PLANS FROM CADASTRAL TERRITORIES WITH PIPE DRAINAGE SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 6
Based on the new cadastral measurements that are going to be performed at the level of both territorial-administrative units and cadastral sectors, respectively, on real estates and/or parcels, the technical data of the unitary cadastral system and land register will be obtained. When referring to the cadastral territories where surface and subsurface drainage works have been performed, it is absolutely necessary to correlate the technical data resulted from the cadastral measurements with th...
Autori: Valeriu Moca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27054

SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION RISK ANALYSIS IN SUBSURFACE ENVIRONMENTS: CARBON MONOXIDE DATA PROCESSING TOOL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 6
Early detection of spontaneous combustion processes through dedicated tools aimed at processing significant measurement data, can provide major improvement of safety levels in underground working environments. As an index of self-heating event occurrence, the increase in carbon monoxide content in hard coal collieries atmosphere became significant since the early stages of this severe phenomenon. To highlight the changes in carbon monoxide average levels, this paper synthesizes the results of re...
Autori: Roland Iosif Moraru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27359

EFFECTS OF VARIOUS PLANTS ON TREATMENT EFFICIENCY OF HORIZONTAL SUBSURFACE FLOW CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS BASED ON THE HYDRAULIC RETENTION TIME
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 6
In this study the effectiveness of Lactuca sativa, Medicago sativa and Phragmites australis for the treatment of domestic wastewater in horizontal subsurface flow was investigated. The removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD), total nitrogen (TKN), total phosphorus (TP), and total suspended solids (TSS) was measured. The experiment was conducted in two different retention time (5 and 7 days) in three seasons (spring, summer and fall). The removal efficiency was increased as the rete...
Autori: Farham Aminsharei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28009

ASSESSMENT MODEL OF STRATA PERMEABILITY CHANGE DUE TO UNDERGROUND LONGWALL MINING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 6
The coal gas is a potential risk for the safety production in coalmines. The practical experiences in coalmine show that the gas may suffer massive desorption and migration after coal seam mining and deformation of overlying strata. Therefore, gas extraction in mines focuses on mining ground pressure relief gas extraction. In this paper, the study is carried out on gas permeability and migration pathway based on movements of overlying strata over the working face and the spatial location of t...
Autori: Jianwei Cheng
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28019

APPLICATION OF ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY IMAGING (ERI) TO INVESTIGATE AN OIL CONTAMINATED EXPERIMENTAL SITE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 12
In this study we present time-related 3D ERI models for a site that was contaminated using waste automobile engine oil. The pristine geo-electrical characteristics of the site were recorded before the contamination was carried out. The purpose of the study was to progressively monitor the geo-electrical responses of the site for possible natural bio-transformations on the waste oil. Data were acquired once every two weeks for a period of three months using eight parallel 2D resistivity profiles....
Autori: Bokani Nthaba
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28118

SFS-H PHYTOTREATMENT OXI-NITRO RATE TESTED IN STEADY-STATE ON ENGINEERING-UNIBO PILOT PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 10
Natural wastewater treatment systems can represent a smart solution in small communities (50-2000 Population Equivalent) as they are very low-cost technologies in terms of energy consumption and maintenance. Moreover, those systems could be implemented as clean processes for wastewater reuse in the frame of circular economy applications. In this context the present study examines the main features of Subsurface Flow System - horizontal (SFS-H) phyto-treatment process. To this aim a pilot plant w...
Autori: Carmine Fiorentino
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28297

FIELD APPLICATION OF A REAGENT FOR IN SITU CHEMICAL REDUCTION AND ENHANCED REDUCTIVE DICHLORINATION TREATMENT OF AN AQUIFER CONTAMINATED WITH TETRACHLOROETHYLENE (PCE), TRICHLOROETHYLENE, 1,1-DICHLOROETHYLENE, DICHLOROPROPANE AND 1,1,2,2-TETRACHLOROETHANE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 10
Groundwater at an abandoned industrial area near Bergamo, Italy, was historically contaminated by tetrachloroethylene (PCE) (>100 μg/L) and, to a lesser extent, by trichlorethylene (TCE), dichloropropane (DP) and 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane (R-130). A liquid reagent (EHC® Liquid) was selected for remediation of groundwater at the site. The reagent is provided in two parts: EHC® Liquid Mix (a soluble organo-iron salt), and ELS® Microemulsion (a lecithin-based carbon substrate), a...
Autori: Alberto Leombruni
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28300

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