An integrated assessment of the suitability of domestic solar still as a viable safe water technology for IndiaAutori: , Nanda Kumar, Santosh M. Avvannavar
Data aparitiei: November/December 2008
Revista: Environmental Engineering and Management Journal › Vol. 7 › Nr. 6
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
Improving access to safe drinking water can result in multi-dimensional impacts on people’s livelihood. This has been aptly reflected in the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) as one of the major objectives. Despite the availability of diverse and complex set of technologies for water purification, pragmatic and cost-effective use of the same is impeding the use of available sources of water. Hence, in country like India simple low-energy technologies such as solar still are likely to succeed. Solar stills would suffice the basic minimum drinking water requirements of man. Solar stills use sunlight, to kill or inactivate many, if not all, of the pathogens found in water. This paper provides an integrated assessment of the suitability of domestic solar still as a viable safe water technology for India. Also an attempt has been made to critically assess the operational feasibility and costs incurred for using this technology in rural India.